How does an ICO work

Initial Coin Offerings can be considered spil an alternative form of crowdfunding that has emerged outside of the traditional financial system. This specimen has helped a lotsbestemming of successful projects and companies get the funding required to begin their business. Ter 2013, overheen US$Five.1 billion were raised via crowdfunding worldwide, which enhanced to US$16 billion ter 2014 and wasgoed estimated at overheen US$34 billion te 2015.

Initial Coin Offerings, also known spil ICOs is the cryptocurrency version of crowdfunding and are a part of the crypto world that is most likely here to stay. It’s one of the easiest and most efficient methods for companies and individuals to fund their projects and for regular users to invest ter projects they see value te. An Initial Coin Suggesting is an event that usually extends overheen a period of one week or more and ter which everyone is permitted to purchase freshly issued tokens te exchange for established cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin (BTC) or Ether (ETH).

Ter an ICO, there can be a specific purpose or limit for project funding, meaning that every token will have a pre-designated price that will not switch during the Initial Coin Suggesting period, which also means that the token supply is static.

It is also possible to have a static supply with a dynamic funding purpose, te which the distribution of tokens will be made according to the funds received, meaning that the more funds the project receives the higher the token price will be.

You can also have a dynamic token supply that will be determined by a number of funds that are received, meaning that the price for each token is static (e.g 1 ETH – 1 token) but every time one Ether is sent a fresh token is created. A limit can be set te terms of goals or time framework.

Analyzing examples of relevant ICOs, one can lump together what are the main characteristics or factors for a successful ICO, both ter fund gathering and te post-ICO valuation. Websites like Top ICO List aggregate and analyze all the upcoming ICOs.


Nxt is a finish economic system verhoging that permits users to kwestie assets and cryptocurrencies that can be exchanged ter a decentralized manner through the Nxt exchange. Users can also add plugins and access the Nxt Toneelpodium through APIs. The NXT ICO embarked on the 28th of September 2013 and it lasted until Legal November 2013 with 21 Bitcoin collected, worth harshly $14k. The ICO wasgoed held ter an “unofficial” way, through an anonymous bitcoin talk forum account, with funds being sent to the funder’s private Bitcoin address with a special message affixed. The genesis block exposed that only 73 people participated te the ICO which makes for a poor distribution, one of the thickest setbacks ter early adoption and distribution.

Ethereum ICO

Ethereum is a brainy contract and decentralized applications toneelpodium that has gained a loterijlot of traction overheen time. Ethereum’s native value token, Ether, is mined through a Proof of Work protocol that is set to switch to Proof of Stake. The Ethereum ICO wasgoed held from the 20th of July, 2014 to the 2nd of September, 2014 (42 days). 31.5k BTC ($Legal.Four million at the time) were collected during the Initial Coin Suggesting period making it the 2nd most successful ICO held and the 6th highest funded crowdfunding project so far. The fact that the development team held the funds ter BTC lead to it losing a big portion of its funding due to volatility. Ethereum has risen x% te value since it’s released and several projects have bot and are being built on the Ethereum Virtual Machine, like DigixDAO, Ardor, Singular-DTV, and Iconomi.

Lisk ICO

Lisk is a modular Clever Contract and Dapp verhoging that aims to make their deployment accessible to all developers by permitting them to be coded te Javascript, one of the most popular programming languages. The Lisk cryptocurrency uses a Delegated Proof of Stake (dPoS) overeenstemming mechanism . The Lisk ICO wasgoed held from the 22 of February until the 21st of March, 2016. During this period users were permitted to send Bitcoin, Crypty and any other cryptocurrency supported by the ShapeShift automatic exchange.

  • ICO Period: 22nd February 2016 – 21st March 2016
  • Funds gathered (USD): $Five,700,000
  • Funds gathered (BTC omschrijving): 15,480.52871205 BTC
  • Tokens distributed: 85,000,000 LSK
  • Profit percentage (Te BTC): 138%

DAO Creation Period

The DAO stands for Decentralized Autonomous Organization and it wasgoed a brainy contract system built on Ethereum meant to function spil a community managed venture fund. The DAO wasgoed the most successful crowdfunding project everzwijn held spil it gathered harshly $150 millions ter a 28 day period.

The DAO Creation period commenced on May 28, 2016 and ended on the 25th of June, during this period users were permitted to purchase freshly created DAO tokens with Ether (ETH). During the very first 15 days, the conversion rate for DAO tokens to ETH wasgoed 100-1, and it rose little by little by 0.05 ETH vanaf day after until it reached the 100-1.Five scale.

Since The DAO had no possessor, no one wasgoed ter control of the funds meaning that during the ICO or Creation period, users sent Ether to a brainy contract address that would, te turn, create DAO tokens and send them to the address from which the Ether came from.

One of the unique aspects about the DAO Initial Coin Suggesting wasgoed the risk-free investment option, ter which a user could always recover the Ether sent on a 1-100 scale, by splitting thesis DAO tokens, regardless of their market price.

The DAO wasgoed hacked and the project has come to an end after an hard-fork wasgoed executed to retrieve the funds stolen. DAO holders can now withdraw ETH from the DAO on a 1-100 exchange rate.

Learn more about the DAO Hack and the Hard Fork.

Sways ICO

The Sways Toneelpodium is a custom-built token and asset podium focused on business applications with features like custom-built token and asset issuance and exchange, fiat gateways and crowdfunding implements. The Sways Toneel is presently unfinished and most of thesis features are still ter development. The Swings ICO commenced on the 12th of April and lasted until the 31st of May. During the very first day, users received a 20% premie. The Swings ICO is an example of an “overbought” ICO (despite Flaps being a promising project), with 29636 BTC and 460 BTC ter NXT asset exchanges being exchanged for Flaps. The token has bot trading under ICO value since the beginning of its release on exchanges, which can also be attributed to delays ter the Roadmap.

Stratis ICO

Stratis is a blockchain spil a service (Leidinggevende) podium that permits corporations to create their own custom-made private or public sidechains for their business needs. Stratis permits users to combine various features from other blockchains and to test various variations of blockchain specifications and features. The Stratis ICO took place from the 21st of July to the 26 and it gathered 915 BTC, a relatively puny amount compared to other ICOs since its release Stratis has enhanced te value +400%. Users received a 20% toeslag during the very first five days, which wasgoed then diminished to 10% for the next ten days, and then 5% for the ten days.

By analyzing thesis and other Initial Coin Offerings wij have come to a plain conclusion, smaller ICOs usually have more slagroom to grow (like NXT and Stratis), but all that truly matters is the underline technology, spil Ethereum has proven.

Recall not to invest more than what you can afford to lose and to research the technology and team behind the project. Good luck!

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